Keyhole surgery also known as laparascopic surgery is a type of minimal invasive surgery that involves the use of small surgical instruments as well as a camera to magnify the whole surgery. It’s mainly used in the abdominal surgery, e.g. appendicitis, Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) and joint surgeries. It is used by specially trained surgeons. The Doctor makes incisions of about 1cm each. These incisions are for the camera and the surgical instruments. During the surgical procedure, small incisions of up to half an inch are made and plastic tubes called ports are placed through these incisions. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient. The key element of this kind of surgery is the use of a laparoscope which is connected to the video camera. The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a television monitor. The video camera becomes a surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopy surgery, since the surgeon uses the image from the video camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform the procedure. Advantages.
- Reduced bleeding which reduces the chances of needing a blood transfusion.
- Faster healing.
- Smaller incision that leave very small wounds.
- Less pain, leading to less pain medication needed.
- Injury of major blood vessels.
- Infections to the operated area.
- Injury to internal solid organs.
- If procedure gets complicated, laparascopic surgery is abandoned and an open surgery is done.